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Surfers still the main victim of shark bites in California

Great White Shark © Brook Ward

 

 

Shark Updates

Surfers sustain more injuries than kayakers & outriggers 

Surfersvillage Global Surf News, 22 January, 2015 - The numbers are in for shark activity along the Pacific coast of North America for 2014. In all there were six authenticated, unprovoked shark attacks on humans according to the Shark Research Committee, an independent shark study group.

The attacks broke down into the following months:
July (1), 
October (4) 
December (1) 

Activities of the victims were; 
3 Surfing, 
2 Kayaking
1 Outrigger

The Great White Shark, Carcharodon carcharias, was positively identified or highly suspect in all six unprovoked attacks. Only two individual’s sustained physical injury, both were surfing. The boat incident in November in Central California is not considered in this analysis due to the activity of fishing, which might have attracted the shark to the vessel.


Great White Shark © Elias Levy

 

Going further back, the publication “Shark Attacks of the Twentieth Century” authenticated 108 unprovoked shark attacks from the Pacific Coast between 1900 and 1999. The Great White Shark was implicated in 94 (87%) of the 108 confirmed attacks with an annual average of slightly more than one shark attack per year. 

The 6 cases reported for 2014 brings the total number of unprovoked shark attacks occurring along the Pacific Coast during the 21st Century to 83. 

This is ‘three times’ the Twentieth Century annual average of slightly more than 2 shark attack per year during the period 1950 – 1999. The Great White Shark was positively identified or highly suspect in 73 (88%) of the 83 attacks recorded during the 21st Century. 

From 2000 to the present, 42 (51%) of the 83 confirmed attacks occurred during the three month period of August (12), September (9), and October (21). There have been 191 authenticated unprovoked shark attacks reported from the Pacific Coast of North America from 1900 to 2014. 

The Great White Shark was positively identified or highly suspect in 167 (87%) of the 191 cases. There were 8 fatal shark attacks confirmed from 1900 to 1999 and 5 fatal attacks reported from 2000 to 2013. The 13 fatal attacks represent 7% of the 191 total cases.

 

Author: 
The Editors
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