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Zihuatanejo Mexico reeling from cluster of shark attacks


Zihuatanejo beach : photo Pete Thomas

Shark News

Shark attacks cause mania in Ixtapa area

Surfersvillage Global Surf News, 19 June, 2008 : - - Zihuatanejo, Mexico -- Bruce Grimes gingerly clenches his stitched right hand, asserting as best he can that he was accompanied by angels the morning a large bull shark chomped 'softly' on his arm as he paddled his surfboard.

The attack, which occurred May 24, was the third on a surfer in less than a month off beaches north of Ixtapa-Zihuatanejo. The other victims, from San Francisco and Mexico, were bitten in the thigh and buttocks areas and bled to death soon after reaching the beach. In the aftermath, following a ceremonial shark massacre and community panic one expert described as "everything you saw with the movie 'Jaws,' only in Spanish," mania still flares.

Sharks teem in imaginations. Nothing like this had ever happened in this region, a newly discovered surfers' paradise popular among Southern California wave riders. Experts cite colder La Niña conditions and the associated nutrient boost for possibly luring the sharks. There was a similar phenomenon near Acapulco, 140 miles to the south, in the early 1970s -- four fatal attacks in succession.

Such spates, which have occurred in Hawaii, Florida, Australia and elsewhere, are anomalies. The global average is 3.8 fatal shark attacks annually despite thousands more people entering the ocean each year. But reasoning is lost on local commercial divers, who are afraid to enter the water, and on commercial fishermen, who are illegally hunting sharks they say jeopardize their livelihoods.

Two local captains nodded in agreement when a third, Jaime Cortez, suggested that bull sharks -- alleged culprits in the three recent attacks -- have developed a taste "for the sweet blood of humans." Conservation groups and scientists call the notion absurd. Shark populations are severely depleted in Mexico, yet wide-scale fishing for sharks continues nationwide, under a regulated permit system.

"More than likely there are far fewer sharks in the region than there used to be, due to over-fishing for the shark-fin market in Asia," says Serge Dedina, executive director of Wildcoast, which helped persuade government agencies to ban "revenge" killings after the initial attack April 28.

Tourism in Ixtapa-Zihuatanejo, predominantly supported by wealthy Mexican families, has not suffered, municipal tourism director Guillermo Catalán Martinez says. But the number of surfers visiting coastal hamlets to the north has declined. Meanwhile, newly stationed lifeguards claim to be spotting large sharks cruising in waves. Non-surfing tourists also are misidentifying dolphins and rays.

George Burgess, a shark specialist with the University of Florida, referred to "the perfect storm" of unusual circumstance and human emotion after a regional tour. Burgess also noted that two attacks -- including the bite to Grimes at Playa Linda, 10 minutes outside Ixtapa -- occurred near river mouths in areas he described as "great places to be a shark."

Such spots will be even more appealing when summer rains blow out sandbars and generate a steady "chum line" of sewage, cattle feces and other debris. A reporter's tour, with longtime Zihuatanejo resident Ed Kunze as guide, revealed a slow but steady healing process inching forward within the community. 

Read the full article by Pete Thomas at LA

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Source: LA

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